Compare to the Latin "Sapiens", for wise.
So a person not of the "Homo" family, who has a mind and self-consciousness, could reasonably be called "Sapient" or a "Sophont"For Instance, Vulcanis Sapiens - But they probably have their own names for themselves
The term "Sentient" refers to a creature that can feel subjectively. Arguably animals are Sentient without being Sapient.
(Note: I agree with this premise. cats and dogs I have known seem to feel emotions, but this is a subjective impression.)
However "Sentient" to denote a self-aware non-human is to common colloquial usage, so after pushing "Sophont" for a while I retreated back to it.
Sentience is not an on-off issue. Modern psychology considers it a sliding scale. A being can be anything from unaware to hyper aware. Yes a being like Organians are more aware than a Human. This is not necessarily a kindness.
0: Reflex only
1: Primitive emotions hind brain activities.
2: Aware of self (Mirror test)
3: Aware of others as different from self
4: Aware that others can feel different from self.
5: Capable of feeling for others.
6: Aware of others needs and capable of dealing with them without conscience thought
7: Constant awareness of a body of others.(Limited omniscience)
8: Awareness of All. (Omniscience)
Most sophant creatures are a 5.